This is the reference manual of the three functions that create, update and terminate progress bars. For a tutorial see the cli progress bars.

cli_progress_bar() creates a new progress bar.

cli_progress_update() updates the state of a progress bar, and potentially the display as well.

cli_progress_done() terminates a progress bar.

cli_progress_bar(
  name = NULL,
  status = NULL,
  type = c("iterator", "tasks", "download", "custom"),
  total = NA,
  format = NULL,
  format_done = NULL,
  format_failed = NULL,
  clear = getOption("cli.progress_clear", TRUE),
  current = TRUE,
  auto_terminate = type != "download",
  extra = NULL,
  .auto_close = TRUE,
  .envir = parent.frame()
)

cli_progress_update(
  inc = NULL,
  set = NULL,
  total = NULL,
  status = NULL,
  extra = NULL,
  id = NULL,
  force = FALSE,
  .envir = parent.frame()
)

cli_progress_done(id = NULL, .envir = parent.frame(), result = "done")

Arguments

name

This is typically used as a label, and should be short, at most 20 characters.

status

New status string of the progress bar, if not NULL.

type

Type of the progress bar. It is used to select a default display if format is not specified. Currently supported types:

  • iterator: e.g. a for loop or a mapping function,

  • tasks: a (typically small) number of tasks,

  • download: download of one file,

  • custom: custom type, format must not be NULL for this type.

total

Total number of progress units, or NA if it is unknown. cli_progress_update() can update the total number of units. This is handy if you don't know the size of a download at the beginning, and also in some other cases. If format is set to NULL, format (plus format_done and format_failed) will be updated when you change total from NA to a number. I.e. default format strings will be updated, custom ones won't be.

format

Format string. It has to be specified for custom progress bars, otherwise it is optional, and a default display is selected based on the progress bat type and whether the number of total units is known. Format strings may contain glue substitution, the support pluralization and cli styling. See progress-variables for special variables that you can use in the custom format.

format_done

Format string for successful termination. By default the same as format.

format_failed

Format string for unsuccessful termination. By default the same as format.

clear

Whether to remove the progress bar from the screen after it has terminated. Defaults to the cli.progress_clear option, or TRUE if unset.

current

Whether to use this progress bar as the current progress bar of the calling function. See more at 'The current progress bar' below.

auto_terminate

Whether to terminate the progress bar if the number of current units reaches the number of total units.

extra

Extra data to add to the progress bar. This can be used in custom format strings for example. It should be a named list. cli_progress_update() can update the extra data. Often you can get away with referring to local variables in the format string, and then you don't need to use this argument. Explicitly including these constants or variables in extra can result in cleaner code. In the rare cases when you need to refer to the same progress bar from multiple functions, and you can them to extra.

.auto_close

Whether to terminate the progress bar when the calling function (or the one with execution environment in .envir exits. (Auto termination does not work for progress bars created from the global environment, e.g. from a script.)

.envir

The environment to use for auto-termination and for glue substitution. It is also used to find and set the current progress bar.

inc

Increment in progress units. This is ignored if set is not NULL.

set

Set the current number of progress units to this value. Ignored if NULL.

id

Progress bar to update or terminate. If NULL, then the current progress bar of the calling function (or .envir if specified) is updated or terminated.

force

Whether to force a display update, even if no update is due.

result

String to select successful or unsuccessful termination. It is only used if the progress bar is not cleared from the screen. It can be one of "done", "failed", "clear", and "auto".

Value

cli_progress_bar() returns the id of the new progress bar. The id is a string constant.

cli_progress_update() returns the id of the progress bar, invisibly.

cli_progress_done() returns TRUE, invisibly, always.

Details

Basic usage

cli_progress_bar() creates a progress bar, cli_progress_update() updates an existing progress bar, and cli_progress_done() terminates it.

It is good practice to always set the name argument, to make the progress bar more informative.

clean <- function() {
  cli_progress_bar("Cleaning data", total = 100)
  for (i in 1:100) {
    Sys.sleep(5/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
  cli_progress_done()
}
clean()

Progress bar types

There are three builtin types of progress bars, and a custom type.

tasks <- function() {
  cli_progress_bar("Tasks", total = 3, type = "tasks")
  for (i in 1:3) {
    Sys.sleep(1)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
  cli_progress_done()
}
tasks()

Unknown total

If total is not known, then cli shows a different progress bar. Note that you can also set total in cli_progress_update(), if it not known when the progress bar is created, but you learn it later.

nototal <- function() {
  cli_progress_bar("Parameter tuning")
  for (i in 1:100) {
    Sys.sleep(3/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
  cli_progress_done()
}
nototal()

Clearing the progress bar

By default cli removes terminated progress bars from the screen, if the terminal supports this. If you want to change this, use the clear argument of cli_progress_bar(), or the cli.progress_clear global option (see cli-config) to change this.

(In the cli documentation we usually set cli.progress_clear to FALSE, so users can see how finished progress bars look.)

In this example the first progress bar is cleared, the second is not.

fun <- function() {
  cli_progress_bar("Data cleaning", total = 100, clear = TRUE)
  for (i in 1:100) {
    Sys.sleep(3/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
  cli_progress_bar("Parameter tuning", total = 100, clear = FALSE)
  for (i in 1:100) {
    Sys.sleep(3/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
}
fun()

Initial delay

Updating a progress bar on the screen is costly, so cli tries to avoid it for quick loops. By default a progress bar is only shown after two seconds. You can change this default with the cli.progress_show_after global option (see cli-config).

(In the cli documentation we usually set cli.progress_show_after to 0 (zero seconds), so progress bars are shown immediately.)

In this example we only show the progress bar after two seconds.

fun <- function() {
  cli_alert("Starting now, at {Sys.time()}")
  cli_progress_bar(
    total = 100,
    format = "{cli::pb_bar} {pb_percent} @ {Sys.time()}"
  )
  for (i in 1:100) {
    Sys.sleep(4/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
}
options(cli.progress_show_after = 2)
fun()

The current progress bar

By default cli sets the new progress bar as the current progress bar of the calling function. The current progress bar is the default one in cli progress bar operations. E.g. if no progress bar id is supplied in cli_progress_update(), then the current progress bar is updated.

Every function can only have a single current progress bar, and if a new one is created, then the previous one (if any) is automatically terminated. The current progress bar is also terminated when the function that created it exits. Thanks to these rules, most often you don't need to explicitly deal with progress bar ids, and you don't need to explicitly call cli_progress_done():

fun <- function() {
  cli_progress_bar("First step ", total = 100)
  for (i in 1:100) {
    Sys.sleep(2/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
  cli_progress_bar("Second step", total = 100)
  for (i in 1:100) {
    Sys.sleep(2/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
}
fun()

cli output while the progress bar is active

cli allows emitting regular cli output (alerts, headers, lists, etc.) while a progress bar is active. On terminals that support this, cli will remove the progress bar temporarily, emit the output, and then restores the progress bar.

fun <- function() {
  cli_alert_info("Before the progress bar")
  cli_progress_bar("Calculating", total = 100)
  for (i in 1:50) {
    Sys.sleep(4/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
  cli_alert_info("Already half way!")
  for (i in 1:50) {
    Sys.sleep(4/100)
    cli_progress_update()
  }
  cli_alert_info("All done")
}
fun()

See also cli_progress_output(), which sends text for the current progress handler. E.g. in a Shiny app it will send the output to the Shiny progress bar, as opposed to the cli_alert() etc. cli functions which will print the text to the console.

Custom formats

In addition to the builtin types, you can also specify a custom format string. In this case progress variables are probably useful to avoid calculating some progress bar quantities like the elapsed time, of the ETA manually. You can also use your own variables in the calling function:

fun <- function(urls) {
  cli_progress_bar(
    format = paste0(
      "{pb_spin} Downloading {.path {basename(url)}} ",
      "[{pb_current}/{pb_total}]   ETA:{pb_eta}"
    ),
    format_done = paste0(
      "{col_green(symbol$tick)} Downloaded {pb_total} files ",
      "in {pb_elapsed}."
    ),,
    total = length(urls)
  )
  for (url in urls) {
    cli_progress_update()
    Sys.sleep(5/10)
  }
}
fun(paste0("https://acme.com/data-", 1:10, ".zip"))

See also

cli_progress_message() and cli_progress_step() for simpler progress messages.